How can we best implement the tasks that arise from the established objectives? Which measures would be most effective? What can I do on my own and where do I need others? When do I want to see results?
Strategies turn tasks into result. In climate proofing and water resilient planning, the emphasis lies on connecting. No one can reach their objectives by themselves. Formulating opportune strategies is a quest towards creating joint interests and ambitions between governments, companies and residents.
Exploring, choosing and implementing measures is also part of a strategy. Multiple types of measures are often possible to resolve challenges. Implementation asks for a repetitive consideration between effectivity, ambition, time horizons, costs and benefits.
The approach to develop a strategy is based on the communication of parties who see a role for themselves and each other in implementing the tasks. These parties vary per area.
Developing a feasible strategy allows you to search for policy ambitions and initiatives on which spatial adaptation can free ride. You can compare the opportunities of spatial adaptation with design and planning requirements from other policy fields and their ambitions. By taking climate proofing and water resilient planning into account in plans of (re)development or maintenance you will enlarge the (social) support and financial feasibility.
There is often a mutual dependence on different challenges. Preventing flooding in shops or residential buildings can go together with preventing heat or water shortage in higher located areas of nature. It is important to define these linkages to formulate robust strategies.
When formulating the opportunities to strengthen the connection between spatial developments, much can be learned from involving the regional preference strategy of Water safety and Fresh water. The following tools can assist in developing a strategy:
- Decision tree water resilient planning. This tool helps you to decide on a location for important spatial functions, such as a hospital or school, taking water safety into account.
- Database of measures. In this database you can select themes, objectives, scales, costs and type of area to help you select relevant measures.
- Quickscan multilevel safety measures. This tool allows you to compare and weigh safety measures in a certain area on a first (primary flood defence systems), second (local flood defence mechanisms, such as terps) and third level (disaster management/evacuation plans) base.
- Design workshops multilevel safety. These are examples of approved methods in which concrete strategies for water resilient planning are created for five regions.
The outcome of the Strategy step is a feasible strategy (or multiple strategies), in which the tasks – that follow from the formulated objectives – can be realised. It describes which partners are responsible for which tasks and which term should be taken into account. This all is elaborated in planned guiding principles, measures, commitments and agreements.
The outcome can be presented as a spatial adaptation strategy that stands on its own, or it can be embedded into other (policy) documents.